Exosomes are a relatively new therapy in the field of regenerative medicine and are showing great promise as the next frontier of cell therapy. Research has shown that cell-to-cell communication is vital to maintaining a healthy cellular environment. Exosomes play a vital role in the communication and rejuvenation of all the cells in our body (1), and can be used to treat a multitude of disorders such as:
- Orthopedic diseases
- Sexual dysfunction
- Neurological Disease
- Autoimmune disorders
- Chronic inflammatory disorders
- And many more!
Benefits of Exosome Therapy
Inflammation is the body’s way of fighting harmful factors like infections. However, chronic inflammation can lead to DNA damage, tissue death, and internal scarring. Exosome therapy reduces overall inflammation by sending messages to inflamed cells to reset, repair, and regenerate.
Supports Metabolic Function
When metabolic functions slow down, issues like weight gain, lethargy, and poor muscle tone ensue. Exosome therapy re-energizes and reinvigorates your cells, helping them metabolize nutrients better and generate more energy. By recharging your metabolic function, it’s easier to lose weight, improve muscle tone and increase your energy levels.
Improves Brain Health
Exosome therapy targets brain cells and signals them to regenerate and repair, improving cognitive function in alertness, mental performance, and clarity. You’ll notice your concentration will improve and your learning capacity.
Reduces Chronic Pain
Unlike acute pain, chronic pain serves no beneficial role in the body and can negatively impact daily life. Exosome therapy targets the origin cells emitting inflammatory signals, influencing them to heal and regenerate. A reduction in inflammation reduces the chronic pain signals being sent to the brain, resulting in less pain overall.
Reverses Tissue Degeneration
Aging is caused by tissue death and damage, among other factors. While diet and exercise can slow down these processes, exosome therapy appears to reverse them. Exosomes effectively reverse tissue degeneration by instructing the tissue cells to regenerate, resulting in new tissue growth and healthy cell regeneration.
Boosts Immune Health
Healthy cells boost the body’s defense systems, making it difficult for infection and disease to set in. Degenerative diseases are the result of continuous deterioration of cells, affecting tissues or organs. While stem cells are usually responsible for the rejuvenation of the cells, external factors may hinder the stem cells from performing their function. Studies have shown that patients suffering from osteoarthritis benefit from exosome therapy (3,6).
Supporting the cells’ function with external exosomes provides new pieces of information to support the healing process by relaying information on how healthy cells are supposed to function and act.
The Science Behind Exosomes
Exosomes are extracellular vesicles released from cells, particularly mesenchymal stem cells. The nanoparticles act as shuttles for genetic information, such as m-RNA, cytokines, and proteins to other cells.
These nanoparticles facilitate cell-to-cell communication, transporting important regulators of information between close, as well as, distant cells. The information is carried from place to place with the purpose of telling cells how and when to react (2). These nanoparticles enter your cells and provide them with instructions on how a healthy young cell is supposed to function.
Age, chronic disease, environmental factors, and genetic disorders can interfere with how our stem cells communicate with other cells, thus disrupting the healing process.
Who May Benefit from Exosome Therapy?
The most common uses of exosomes currently are to treat orthopedic injuries and as part of an anti-aging regimen. The exosomes are either injected into the area in need of treatment, like the knee or given intravenously for anti-aging and other systemic treatments. The idea is that they will promote tissue repair.
Exosomes are reported to help regulate cellular processes within the body. Patients with Lyme disease, chronic inflammation, arthritis, autoimmune disease, and other chronic degenerative diseases have reported benefit from including exosomes in their treatment regimen (7).
Exosomes may also be beneficial as part of anti-aging therapy. Patients with degenerative joint disease, Parkinson’s disease, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Alzheimer’s disease have also benefited from the use of exosomes (3,6).
How is Exosome Therapy Performed?
We utilize exosome therapy as part of a multimodal approach to your healing and anti-aging solution. Exosome products are either given through an IV (intravenously) or are injected directly into the joint that needs repair.